Growth hormones are prescription medications used to treat children’s growth disorders and adult hormone deficiencies. Growth hormone—known as somatotropin—can be injected by the patient or a family member (if it's a child with growth hormone deficiency). This hormone, which is normally produced in the pituitary gland, stimulates growth and cell reproduction in the body.
In adults, growth hormone not only stimulates growth, it promotes healthy body composition by increasing muscle and reducing fat mass, maintaining normal blood glucose levels, and promoting a favorable lipid profile. Adults with decreased growth hormone levels tend to have poor bone density, reduced muscle mass and mental/emotional symptoms such as depression and poor memory.
How is growth hormone used?
Your doctor will prescribe your growth hormone therapy specific to your condition, but you'll typically need daily doses of growth hormone. Growth hormone is injected subcutaneously (under the skin) and should be administered by adults.