Ophthalmology is the study and treatment of disorders and diseases of the eye; however, it should not be confused with optometry, which is the branch of medicine concerned with vision care and the testing, diagnosis and management of vision changes.

What are ophthalmological diseases and conditions?

Conditions and diseases that may require treatment from an ophthalmologist and specialty medication include:

  • Age-related macular degeneration
  • Cancers of the tissue surrounding the eye (orbital and adnexal)
  • Central retinal vein occlusion
  • Diabetic macular edema
  • Elevated intraocular pressure
  • Pain and inflammation following cataract surgery
  • Primary or secondary intraocular cancers
  • Uveitis